Orthodontic treatment

Your bite can be corrected at any age

Over 90 percent of people have bent teeth or disturbed occlusion, and every third case requires special orthodontic care. Orthodontics corrects anomaly of occlusion and individual teeth: overbite and underbite, mandibular dislocation, rotated teeth, diastemas, uneven dentition etc. An orthodontist can help patients of any age. During the first visit, the doctor examines the oral cavity, takes dental imprints, tells about the extra examination if necessary, and makes a preliminary diagnosis. During the following visits, the doctor gives the final diagnosis and possible treatment options.

Modern orthodontics has recently seen new instruments, units and methods of orthodontic treatment. They are all available in our Dental Studio “Smile”. For example, Incognito is a kind of braces fixed to the inside surface of your teeth, thus, they are hidden and invisible. The patented technological process provides for uniquely flat design of the braces which gives the patients maximum comfort during the teeth alignment.

Another novelty is braces made of artificially grown sapphires that have a transparent glass-like structure. This system is very aesthetic and almost invisible on the teeth. Ceramic braces are of white color and they merge with the teeth, this makes the treatment virtually unnoticeable to others. Still, metal braces are most widely used in orthodontic treatment as they are easy to set and maintain. In special cases, complex orthodontic equipment may be required. This category includes units that have a therapeutic effect on jawbones. The purpose of these systems is not to align the teeth, but correct the position or size of the jaws. Artem Eykhgorn, an orthodontist at Deantal Studio “Smile”, tells us how an abnormal occlusion can adversely affect the overall health condition:

- Undoubtedly our ancestors did not have such a large number of orthodontic pathologies which we observe nowadays. There exist many theories explaining this phenomenon. And one of them links the frequent development of pathologies with the prevalent use of soft, strained food that does not impose the dentition with any physiological stress. Nature provided us with teeth not only to smile, but, first of all, to bite and chew food. If you compare the diet of a primeval man and our contemporary, you will obviously see the difference. In a way, nature punishes us: if you do not eat solid food, you do not need teeth.

A malfunctioning of one of the body systems can seriously affect other organs and systems. An incorrect bite is an indication for orthodontic treatment which is caused by two reasons: aesthetic and functional. If the problem is fully aesthetic, patients can live a hundred years with their crooked teeth and no harm to his health. But if the malocclusion or narrowed dentition is a functional pathology, the person faces health threatening problems in general. Until recently, it was believed that it can only lead to tooth decay, periodontal disease or some other consequences. But nowadays doctors have ascertained that the consequences of orthodontic pathology can be much more severe. The whole body responds to the problem of the occlusion and temporomandibular joint. Even if only one tooth is wrongly positioned with a painful effect when nibbling, the central nervous system receives a signal to avoid this painful contact. The temporomandibular joint shifts and the entire body begins to adapt to the change. The joint itself does not hurt anymore, but the posture becomes scoliotic, the spine and internal organs deform, and subsequently the pelvis. It can even lead to a functional shortening of one leg. These patients often suffer from migraine headaches; they visit the masseurs and cannot understand why they have developed osteochondrosis of cervical vertebrae. Bite and nibbling problems can even worsen the eyesight and hearing. Therefore, it is better to prevent them.

The period of orthodontic treatment is fully individual: it depends on a number of factors and is determined only by a dentist during examination. Of course, when setting up the braces, the doctor will say how long to wear them, but there exist averaged timescales:

  • less than a year, if a patient suffers only from a small cosmetic teeth defect;
  • from one year to two years, if you need to correct your bite and some cosmetic and functional defects;
  • from two to three years, if very complicated orthodontic manipulations and surgical procedures are required.

A beautiful smile and healthy teeth are undoubtedly worth the time and effort spent!