What will your teeth thank you for?

Since childhood we have known that we “need to brush our teeth in the morning and in the evening”. And we have frequently heard that tooth and gum diseases are easier to prevent than to treat afterwards. But in everyday life, we often forget about simple rules that will help maintain and preserve the health of both our teeth and body in general.

Oral infections and not chewing you food well enough affect the whole body. Oral cavity diseases can lead to gastrointestinal diseases as well as to exacerbations of respiratory infections, which is why it is necessary to start treatment with a visit to a dentist. Pregnancy is not a disease, but it is a reason to visit your dentist frequently as, unfortunately, future mothers commonly face dental problems.

Natalia Hurova, a dental therapist at Dental Studio “Smile”, tells us which products are good for teeth, how to prevent gum diseases, and why whitening toothpastes can be bad.

Natalia, which products should be included into the diet so that the teeth can remain strong and healthy?

First of all, the diet should be balanced and contain cereals, a lot of vitamins and minerals, and enough protein. This is particularly important in childhood at the stage of tooth formation and cutting. To have healthy teeth you should eat dairy products rich in calcium.

Saliva protects us from bacterial growth. It washes every tooth and replenishes it with minerals. Saliva composition also depends on the foods that we eat. It is necessary to maintain the saliva acid-alkaline balance. If it contains more acid than necessary, destructive processes begin. Farinaceous products, sweets, alcohol, fizzy drinks make saliva more acidic, while vegetables, fruit and greens alkalize it and sustain a healthy acid-alkaline balance. And all the better if these products are not thermally processed, contributing to additional mechanical tooth cleaning.

It is also important to follow water regime.

At what age should we start brushing child’s teeth?

Once the child’s teeth are cut, they need to be cleaned. Not with a brush, of course, but with cotton wool. Mothers can easily clean the thin coating off the baby’s teeth. Children should be allowed to bite apples and carrots on their own more often as it also cleans the teeth. When a child learns to control swallowing – usually when they are 18 to 24 months old – you can start using a brush and toothpaste. It is best to brush teeth in a form of a game, gradually accustoming the child to regularity. Over time, this procedure will become habitual.

How can I prevent gum inflammation?

Gum inflammation is most often associated with soft coating on the teeth, which mineralizes and turns into plaque. In simple words, bacteria live in the plaque, they feed on carbohydrates and release acids that cause gum inflammation – gingivitis, and later on inflammation of other dental tissues which can lead to a tooth loss.

You should regularly brush your teeth with a toothbrush and toothpaste you like, use dental floss since no brush can reach interdental spaces, and have a professional dental cleaning every six months. People who wear braces and prosthetic structures need professional dental cleaning every 3-4 months.

In what cases is mouthwash useful?

Mouthwash is good for gum inflammation and its prevention. You can rinse your teeth after eating, but it is not recommended to use it too frequently. The harmful flora develops resistance to the mouthwash antiseptic and survives when you rinse your teeth.

Natalia, can I use whitening toothpastes?

Most whitening toothpastes contain abrasive particles that lead to tooth enamel depletion in case of frequent use. Therefore, it is better to use mouthguards with whitening gel or visit a dentist and have professional teeth whitening in a clinic. I will recommend our citizens to use fluorine pastes as it prevents tooth decay. It is also necessary to change pastes from time to time.

Careful tooth brushing, flossing and regular dental examinations will help you avoid many problems!